Sand dunes control
According to Government geological data, there has been a 400 percent increase in sand dunes over the last twenty years. In some cases, these sand dunes cover entire villages, impacting agricultural lands leading to a decline in agricultural outputs and livestock production as well as severe socio-economic impacts (such as loss of livelihood and migration). It has been reported that sand dunes have encroached on 30,000 hectares of land in parts of Yobe State. ACReSAL will target resources to the stabilization of sand dunes. The control of sand dune migration will also stabilize the soil, restore the vegetative cover, improve micro-climates and build resilience of affected communities. Improved vegetative cover will improve carbon sequestration and mitigate climate change. Climate change have amplified the frequency and severity of drifting sand dunes and its effect on many communities in the extreme northern fringes of the country. The control of sand dunes by the project will restore vegetation cover, reverse land degradation and restore soil productivity. These will build resilience of the affected communities to climate change and reduce out-migration. The vegetation cover and stabilized soil will facilitate carbon sequestration. Similarly, the fire control investments and activities under this activity will also reduce GHG emission.